Fig tree planting, maintenance

Everything about the fig tree, the tree with velvet fruit

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The fig tree is a mythical tree grown for millennia in the gardens and orchards. Very rustic, The fig tree is satisfied with freehold land, frost-hardy and can give even crop in colder climates. It is greedy little fertilizer or water, and is little attacked by diseases. Plant a tree in isolated fig tree and enjoy a good harvest after two or three years, or version trellised against a modern, solid wall. Some fig trees give two crops, and other one. Some figs are white, others black or dark red. The real fig tree fruit are actually the small grains located inside what is the receptacle of the flower of the tree.

The fig tree is a wonderful tree. His foliage is beautiful, his delicious fruit and his exquisite fragrance. This hardy tree more than we think, can be easily cultivated. Our practical tips will help beginners and experienced gardeners to grow with success fig tree in their gardens and on their terrace.  

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Planting fig tree

the fig tree is planted in autumn in a mild climate and spring elsewhere. Book him a sunny exposure and little exposed to cold drafts. Avoid planting in the North or in the East. In cold areas, know that the fig bifères (two crops) can have their flowers in late spring freeze and therefore turn into unital fig tree (to harvest).  

The fig tree is planted in all rich and well drained soils. It can grow in calcareous soils or more acids. If the soil is heavy and cold, and amend it with the light soil of the garden. Prepare a large pit four times larger than the root ball of the fig tree, add a layer of compost in the bottom of the hole, and then a soil layer. Have the fig tree at the center of the hole, without too depress the surface of the brush. Fill with potting soil, not too tamp and water thoroughly. Attention to the root system of very large fig tree. Avoid working the soil around the fig tree mulch to extend hand weeding.  

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The potted fig tree

Some varieties of fig trees can be grown in pots. Allow large bins to support the growth of the shrub. Proceed as for planting in the ground. Repot the fig tree every two years by renewing the soil in the pot to encourage fruiting. Potted plants are more fragile if the winters are cold. Plan to accommodate the strong gels returning them safe.  

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Pruning and maintenance of the fig tree

the fig tree grows naturally flared way. It can quickly reach 5 to 6 meters in diameter. Let it grow naturally if you have room. If you opt for tying the fig tree or want to cut low branches embarrassing for the mower, cut in spring and lightly. Avoid this size on the two fig trees blooms, because you would have a harvest.  

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Watering and fig tree fertilizer

The fig tree has very developed roots and deep into the ground to look for water and nutritious elements. That's why he does not need specific watering after the first two years of planting. During this time water the fig tree twice a month between April and October copiously and depth. Remove grass installed around the tree, it will compete with fig. Maximum use rainwater from reserves. 

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Diseases and pests affecting the fig tree

The fig tree is a hardy tree and little susceptible to diseases. In areas with mild and humid climate, it can be attacked by insects like the fly of the fig tree. Then spray Bordeaux mixture on the foliage, by performing at least one month before harvest fruit. 

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Namely on the fig tree

The fig is the oldest cultivated fruits probably. Mediterranean Originally, the fig was worshiped by many kings. Louis XIV had planted more than 500 feet in the garden of the king at Versailles.  

The varieties of fig trees to choose

In the Mediterranean regions, all fig trees grow easily. Adopt fig two crops such as figs or Marseille Sultana if you have a large garden, plus a fig for later harvests from September as the Bourjassotte.  

For dried figs, fig prefer the Gray Saint John.  

North of a line Lyon Bordeaux, choose resistant varieties like Pastilière or the Round of Bordeaux.  

Gardener's tip on the fig tree

The fig tree roots are very powerful. Do not install too close to a frail old wall. Prefer isolated plantations as an ornamental shrub. The fig tree grow better and crops will be more abundant. Just avoid exposure to the North and East.  

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